A FASHION SHOW OF PLASTER AND YEAST// 08. 1994. • SNJEZANA HUFNAGEL// MUSIC PROFESSOR
ORAL HISTORY - INTERVIEW
ORAL HISTORY - TRANSCRIPT
A FASHION SHOW OF PLASTER AND YEAST
‘I experienced horrors in the will to survive. I often walked on a hill where shells were falling, where I would pick chicory, dandelions, and where I gathered wood, because there was no firewood. That was how I came up with the idea that besides my will to survive, I had the will to do something pleasant, and to protect myself in that way. To protect my psychological and emotional stability. On the hill I found clay, and I mixed the clay with water, added some other ingredients, and made wonderful jewelry. On one occasion a Janez Tadic, director of Slobodan Princip Seljo Culture Society, saw my jewelry and liked it very much, and that gave him the idea of having the models in a fashion show wear my jewelry with old dresses that were taken out of storage. For this reason, the show was called Mothball ‘94, so that people would know that the dresses had been in storage for a long time, and still looked good on good-looking young women. And they were decorated with my jewelry. The fashion show was very cheerful, although a few shells fell in the neighborhood. The atmosphere was pleasant. The place was lit up; there were floodlights and torches.’
• A common scene on the streets of Sarajevo: in the tram stand passengers reading newspapers, while a sniper on the hill shoots all over Marijn Dvor. All wait for the shooting to stop. Passengers entering the tram choose the "best" place in the tram, where one has "the least chance of being shot" - Sarajevo Roulette.
• The usual sight at UN checkpoints where they should provide control of Bosnian Serb weapons: the Serbs arrive at checkpoints, take weapons by force from UN soldiers, then engage in talks over restoring the weapons under control.
• Foreign Minister of Russia, Andrei Koziryev: "I will no longer talk with Radovan Karadzic."
• At the airport negotiations on the cessation of sniper shootings.
• Because of the refusal to sign the proposed plan of the Contact Group and their referendum vote, the Serbian government sends a letter to the Bosnian Serbs: "Do not hide yourselves behind the referendum."
• The Government of Yugoslavia decides to break off political and economic relations with the Bosnian Serbs and the leadership in Pale. Borders are closed, transportation stopped and ban passed prohibiting political leaders and members of Parliament to step on Yugoslav soil.
• Bosnian Serbs seize a tank, 2 APC′s from a UN checkpoint. NATO aircraft warn their headquarters, and then act. UN Commander Michael Rose: "We warned the Serbian side to take shelter, because we did not want to kill soldiers." The green light for attacks comes from Washington, after consultation with Moscow and Brussels. "
• Passengers injured in a tram. The trams stops working.
• After the NATO air strikes, the Serbs return the tank, 2 APC′s and 2 anti-aircraft weapons. Admiral Leighton Smith, on the occasion of the NATO actions: "The point of the attack was to warn the Serbs so that they don’t even think of doing this again."
• Since the closure of the "blue routes" prices in the markets have soared by 100%.
• Momcilo Krajisnik, president of the Bosnian Serb Assembly, sends a request to the Contact Group to change the maps and give the Serbs their own state, otherwise they will be responsible for the escalation of the war in Bosnia.
• "Krug 99" launches a campaign: Declaration on a unified Sarajevo.
• Thousandth performance of "Moving Theatre."
• Swimming in the rivers of Sarajevo is forbidden due to contaminated water and the increasing occurrence of jaundice.
• Manfred Woerner, Secretary General of NATO, passes away.
• At Sarajevo airport an agreement is signed on snipers.
• Issues surround the commissioning of a new water supply - wait for a unit for water treatment.
• A BiH expedition stops its climb on the Himalayas due to the illness of one of the climbers.
• Vatican works on plans for the Pope's visit to Sarajevo. The Vatican gives consideration to the warning from Radovan Karadzic that the Pope will be shot by Muslims who in turn will blame the Serbs for the assassination.
• UN observers monitor Igman road with cameras, as Bosnian Serbs are firing on it.
• Sarajevo tram: UN troops will be passengers on the tram in order to ensure the safety of the passengers.
• The ARBiH liberates the city Velika Kladusa. The Army issues a proclamation for citizens to have confidence in it.
• General Michael Rose rides on the Sarajevo tram with specially designed tram tickets designed just for him and his symbolic ride.
• President of Yugoslavia, Slobodan Milosevic refuses to appoint observers at the border. Kozyrev travels to Belgrade.
• A fashion show with pieces made from clay and yeast is held; the designer is Snjezana Hufnagl.
• Everthing is prepared for the Pope's arrival. An altar is being constructed.
• Russian Foreign Minister Andre Kozyrev says after his visit to Belgrade, "We must strengthen sanctions against the Bosnian Serbs and ease sanctions against Belgrade."
• A statement from Radovan Karadzic, on the occasion of a possible lifting of the arms embargo for the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina: "If the international community lifts the embargo, we will detain all foreigners, shoot down all planes, and kidnap UN observers."
• Andrei Kozyrev in Sarajevo.
• After discussions with Koziryev, Slobodan Milosevic agrees to place observers on the border.
The besieged city defends itself by culture and thus survives. Groups and individuals create whatever they used to create before the siege In impossible circumstances they produce films, write books, publish newspapers, produce radio programs, design postcards, stage exhibitions, performances, make blueprints for rebuilding the city, found new banks, organize fashion shows, shoot photographs, celebrate holidays, put on make up... Sarajevo is the city of the future and of the life in the post-cataclysm. In it on the ruins of the old civilization a new one is sprouting, an alternative one, composed of remains of urban elements Sarajevo lives a life of futuristic comics and science fiction movies.
The Sarajevo alternative fashion designers have organized several fashion shows in 1993. „Katarina in Bosnia“ is a collection of men's shirts decorated with the motifs from the Bogumil tombstones. Another collection included handmade ladies' purses for Sarajevo 92/93 season and contained all the wartime accessories needed by a lady should she get stuck somewhere during the shelling.
Other fashion accessories designed in Sarajevo were the ear-rings made of glass and the gloves knitted by a Sarajevo violinist from wool gathered throughout the whole neighbourhood, as a part of the „Survival“ project.
A fashion show of wartime uniforms was also a great success. When the war began each city district had its own army which, lacking real uniforms, devised its own „fashion details“ as its distinguishing trait.