THE BH PARLIAMENT ACCEPTS THE CONTACT GROUP’S PLAN// 07. 1994. • IVO KOMSIC// CROATIAN PEASANT PARTY
ORAL HISTORY - INTERVIEW
ORAL HISTORY - TRANSCRIPT
Croatian Peasant Party leader
THE BH PARLIAMENT ACCEPTS THE CONTACT GROUP’S PLAN
‘That was the Contact Group’s plan that went before the Parliament in the summer of 1994. It was a bad plan. That plan was actually a correction of the Washington agreement, because through that plan certain countries that had been excluded from the Washington agreement, and we all know that those are the countries which dictated the Geneva talks that were led by Owen and Stoltenberg. Since we had in effect put them on the shelf with the Washington agreement, they found a way in which they could once again interfere with the peace process in BH. And they accomplished that through the Contact Group, and then they imposed the plan of the Contact Group upon our Parliament, the plan that divided BH into the Federation and Republika Srpska. In effect, with this plan the Contact Group created the conditions for the formation of two entities at Dayton.’
• The Contact Group, composed of the U.K., France, Russia, Germany and the U.S. will present a map with the territorial demarcation of BiH and a set of threats in order to ensure acceptance of the plan.
• The U.S. Senate votes to not allow unilaterally lifting the arms embargo. The vote count is 50 - 50, but Vice President Al Gore casts the deciding vote against.
• Conflict between the Franciscans in Medjugorje. Fra Zovko, "Herzeg-Bosnia is the same as the creation of the Bosnian Serbs."
• Opening of U.S. Embassy in Sarajevo.
• Geneva, July 5th, 1994. Geneva peace agreement between the Muslims and Croats on the city of Mostar, placing it under the supervision of the European Union. Alija Izetbegovic and Kresimir Zubak sign the agreement.
• Top diplomats representing members of the G7 adopt a map dividing Bosnia and Herzegovina. They decided that with warnings and incentives they can compel the Muslims and Serbs to accept it.
• Gorazde: UN soldiers increasingly frequent target of attacks.
• The Contact Group proposes a portfolio of maps for all of the delegations. Concessions were made to the Government of BiH by preserving Bosnia and Herzegovina as a single state within its existing borders.
• The citizens of Sarajevo gain weight.
• On roofs in Sarajevo green gardens are cultivated as a means of survival.
• NATO appeals to the warring sides to accept the peace plan.
• On the plan presented by the Contact Group, Alija Izetbegovic says: "The plan is bad, but all of the other options are worse."
• U.K. Foreign Minister Douglas Hurd, and the Foreign Minister of France, Alain Juppé, arrive in Sarajevo on the occasion of the opening of the French Embassy.
• Increased sniper fire.
• The Parliament of the Federation BiH accepts the Contact Group plan.
• The Bosnian Serb Assembly has not yet announced a decision on the peace plan proposed by the Contact Group.
• Flights to Sarajevo airport are suspended because the a "C-141 Hercules" plane is hit.
• The UN Special Envoy for Human Rights, Tadeusz Mazowiecki: "My statements were not taken seriously, and my recommendation was not accepted, because that is how the governments of some European countries wanted it to be."
• The Bosnian Serbs reject the new peace plan. The international community is now left without a new initiative.
• In Mostar the administration of the European Union is established.
• Because of the Bosnian Serbs's rejection of the peace plan, U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher, says: "We hope that the Russians put pressure on the Serbs to accept the peace plan."
• The Bosnian Serbs close the "blue routes" around Sarajevo.
• NATO is ready to provide air support to UN troops. The Bosnian Serb Army attacks a UN convoy on Mount Igman.
• Geneva: The Contact Group brings sanctions, but no military intervention.
• Sarajevo: A tram comes under sniper attack. Passengers wounded. Tram traffic suspend. UN soldiers return fire from an APC and thus stop the sniper fire.
The Bosnia and Herzegovina Parliament and Government building was hit by hundreds of shells which caused frequent fires. This is where the attack on the city began on April 6, 1992, when the SDS snipers opened fire on the 100,000 citizens who had gathered in front of the Parliament building protesting against the national divisions and war. The event was transmitted and shown all over former Yugoslavia and according to many it represented the funeral of Parliament used to come to Sarajevo sessions either by running across the airport runway or by crawling through the tunnel under the runway.