AMERICAN EMBASSY OPENS IN SARAJEVO// 07. 1994. • ELIZABETA DELIC// AN AMERICAN EMBASSY STAFF-MEMBER IN SARAJEVO
ORAL HISTORY - INTERVIEW
ORAL HISTORY - TRANSCRIPT
An American Embasy servant in Sarajevo
AMERICAN EMBASSY OPENS IN SARAJEVO
‘It was warm and some time around noon we the guests started arriving. One could feel the incredibly thorough organization of the reception. Everyone from the world of culture, politics, journalism, art was there, therefore the people who had lived and worked in the city. Everybody dressed nicely and looked as if there was no war. The park where the reception was held is the park, which is now in front of the American Embassy in Alipasina Street. It was full of beautiful trees, very pretty decorations were set up and there was a band to listen to. It was their Navy band, there were flags everywhere, and many guests had an opportunity to walk through beautiful surroundings and forget briefly all the horror around us. For subconsciously all of us hoped that nothing bad would happen on such a beautiful day especially on the soil of a country which celebrated its greatest holiday. There were all kinds of stuff on the tables. Everything every Sarajevan craved for. Starting with some munchies, chips, Coca-Cola. Many of us, including myself, were tempted to put in their pockets and take home a coke or two, a flag or two. A sandwich, something to remember it by. Some souvenir, a pretty napkin, to remember that day. People talked and walked as if they were in any European capital.’
• The Contact Group, composed of the U.K., France, Russia, Germany and the U.S. will present a map with the territorial demarcation of BiH and a set of threats in order to ensure acceptance of the plan.
• The U.S. Senate votes to not allow unilaterally lifting the arms embargo. The vote count is 50 - 50, but Vice President Al Gore casts the deciding vote against.
• Conflict between the Franciscans in Medjugorje. Fra Zovko, "Herzeg-Bosnia is the same as the creation of the Bosnian Serbs."
• Opening of U.S. Embassy in Sarajevo.
• Geneva, July 5th, 1994. Geneva peace agreement between the Muslims and Croats on the city of Mostar, placing it under the supervision of the European Union. Alija Izetbegovic and Kresimir Zubak sign the agreement.
• Top diplomats representing members of the G7 adopt a map dividing Bosnia and Herzegovina. They decided that with warnings and incentives they can compel the Muslims and Serbs to accept it.
• Gorazde: UN soldiers increasingly frequent target of attacks.
• The Contact Group proposes a portfolio of maps for all of the delegations. Concessions were made to the Government of BiH by preserving Bosnia and Herzegovina as a single state within its existing borders.
• The citizens of Sarajevo gain weight.
• On roofs in Sarajevo green gardens are cultivated as a means of survival.
• NATO appeals to the warring sides to accept the peace plan.
• On the plan presented by the Contact Group, Alija Izetbegovic says: "The plan is bad, but all of the other options are worse."
• U.K. Foreign Minister Douglas Hurd, and the Foreign Minister of France, Alain Juppé, arrive in Sarajevo on the occasion of the opening of the French Embassy.
• Increased sniper fire.
• The Parliament of the Federation BiH accepts the Contact Group plan.
• The Bosnian Serb Assembly has not yet announced a decision on the peace plan proposed by the Contact Group.
• Flights to Sarajevo airport are suspended because the a "C-141 Hercules" plane is hit.
• The UN Special Envoy for Human Rights, Tadeusz Mazowiecki: "My statements were not taken seriously, and my recommendation was not accepted, because that is how the governments of some European countries wanted it to be."
• The Bosnian Serbs reject the new peace plan. The international community is now left without a new initiative.
• In Mostar the administration of the European Union is established.
• Because of the Bosnian Serbs's rejection of the peace plan, U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher, says: "We hope that the Russians put pressure on the Serbs to accept the peace plan."
• The Bosnian Serbs close the "blue routes" around Sarajevo.
• NATO is ready to provide air support to UN troops. The Bosnian Serb Army attacks a UN convoy on Mount Igman.
• Geneva: The Contact Group brings sanctions, but no military intervention.
• Sarajevo: A tram comes under sniper attack. Passengers wounded. Tram traffic suspend. UN soldiers return fire from an APC and thus stop the sniper fire.