KLJUIJIC, KOMSIC AND DURAKOVIC BECOME MEMBERS OF THE BH PRESIDENCY // 10. 1993.
STJEPAN KLJUJIC // MEMBER OF THE BH PRESIDENCY
ORAL HISTORY - INTERVIEW
ORAL HISTORY - TRANSCRIPT

October 1993

Stjepan Kljujic
Member of the BH Presidency
KLJUJIC, KOMSIC AND DURAKOVIC BECOME MEMBERS OF THE BH PRESIDENCY

‘21 October ’93, I went back to the Presidency as part of an attempt to regain constitutionality in BH. The erosion of the Constitution had had enormous consequences especially in the Geneva talks, where all of a sudden they had three sides to contend with. I think that then for the first time we had a Presidency that was for BH. But a lot of things had happened in the meantime, especially the use of religion as an instrument, changes in the military leadership, change of directors and so on. That made it difficult to return to the Platform of Presidency. I believe that the people who were in the Presidency wanted the Platform of Presidency, but all power was concentrated in the hands of one man.’

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OCTOBER 1993


• The executive committee of the city reaches a decision on the increase of apartment rent from October 1st.


• An “interreligious event” is held: participants include the Orthodox priest Avakum Rosic, head of the Catholic church Vinko Puljic, Reis-ul-ulema Effendi Ceric, Brother Petar Arandjelovic, President of the Jewish community David Kamhi. A mass is held at the Sarajevo cathedral and liturgy at the Orthodox church.


• During the siege of Sarajevo 120,000 refugees enter the city.
• For the first time during the war the Art Gallery of BiH is opened. There is an exhibition of photographs by Annie Leibovitz. The exhibition is opened by Susan Sontag.
• Susan Sontag becomes an honorary citizen of Sarajevo.


• The Pope sends a message of peace: “Bosnians, you are not alone!”
• “Velepekara” stops working. It has neither gas nor oil.
• The Blessed Peace Buliders wounded in a peace mission across the Vrbanja Bridge. One of them dies.


• Sarajevo Brewery produces 1,000,000 beers a month as a substitute for water. The factory has a stock of raw materials that could last for two years.


• Adi Sarajlic, journalist for the radio station “Zid”, tells his early morning listeners: “260 listeners phone in between 3:30 and 4 o’clock in the morning.


• The HVO wants control over Jablanica. The owners of power plants are set to address the issue of financing Herzeg-Bosnia by exporting electricity to Dalmatia.
• In Sarajevo the smuggling of drugs, works of art and food is widespread.


• Medical evacuations reach an impasse.
• The Directorate for Refugees and Displaced Persons founds a counseling center.


• Survey by the radio station “Studio 99”: The majority of Sarajevans are in favor of the introduction of a protectorate.
• The Sarajevo air bridge is the longest running of its kind in history. It lasts 467 days – longer than that of Berlin.
• In the city frequent gas explosions result of improper installations.
• 10,000 signatories across the world for the establishment of a Court for War Crimes. War criminals cannot bring peace. The declaration is signed by George Soros, Wiesenthal, Umberto Ecco, Ginsberg…
• Serbia under sanctions. Pirates hijack oil on the Danube.


• New members of the Presidency of BiH are appointed: Nijaz Durakovic, Stjepan Kljujic, Ivo Komsic. Miro Lasic and Boras relieved from duty.


• Fikret Abdić, former member of the Presidency of BiH, signs a peace agreement with the Bosnian Serbs. Fikret Abdic works in alliance with Mate Boban.


• Opening of the Film Festival in Sarajevo. Many guests stay in Ancona, not having been able to arrange for UN planes. The slogan of the festival: “We can’t promise you anything.”


• The International Court for War Crimes begins working on November 17.
• Operation undertaken by MUP and the Army of RBiH against the 9th motorized and 10th mountain brigades of the Army of RBiH. 530 people are detained. The main culprit, Caco Topalovic, is killed, and Celo surrenders. MUP and ABiH take back bases from the criminals. According to an “Oslobodjenje” survey, citizens are relieved and believe that rule of law will be restored.


• The Jewish pharmacy in Sarajevo dispenses 10,000,000 medicines to citizens.

THE PRESIDENCY BUILDING

The building was located in the city center. It was built in 1885 in the Neo-renaissance style and it was modeled on 15th century Florence palaces. It was the favorite target. A great number of people was killed or wounded in the streets near the building. The Presidency remained in the building throughout the war and foreign politicians or delegations were always welcomed because their visits meant a temporary respite from shelling.

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