AN INTERNATIONAL FIRE-BRIGADE ESTABLISHED // 09. 1993.
ENES ZLATAR BURE // SINGER
ORAL HISTORY - INTERVIEW
ORAL HISTORY - TRANSCRIPT

September 1993

Enes Zlatar
Singer
AN INTERNATIONAL FIRE-BRIGADE ESTABLISHED

‘On September 19, 1993 we established the International Fire-Brigade. How did it come about? There was a man from Rhode Island, who nobody knew much about. He came to Sarajevo the first time in February 1993. He introduced himself as a volunteer fireman who wanted to help us. Later it turned out that he had been, I don’t know, in the American Special Forces and took part in various wars. And the majority of people thought he was a spy. As it was thought about most of those foreigners who came. In my opinion no matter whom or what he was, he helped the Sarajevo Fire-Brigade a lot, both with equipment and by forming that International Brigade.’

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SEPTEMBER 1993


• Soup kitchens are opened for the survival of pensioners.
• Geneva, September 1, 1993. In Geneva peace negotiations continue. The following representatives from the BiH government take part: Alija Izetbegovic, Haris Silajdzic, Miro Lazovic, Ivo Komsic, Irfan Ljubljankic, Muhamed Filipovic, Fikret Abdic, Kasim Trnka and Mugdim Cukle.


• Geneva, September 4, 1993. Peace negotiations collapse.
• In Sarajevo the paper “Zadrugar” is published, with advice on the topic “How to Survive.”
• Mario Braco Kolak, graphic designer for “Oslobodjenje” newspaper, makes a hydroelectric generator on the Miljacka to supply electricity.


• The Ukraine battalion of the UN is charged with smuggling and importing heroin hidden in oranges
• BiH receives the international telephone code of 387.


• U.S. President Bill Clinton meets in Washington with Alija Izetbegovic.
• Large amounts of electricity enter Sarajevo. Elektroprivreda makes a reduction plan.
• Humanitarian aid only comes to the city through the air bridge; land convoys are halted.
• Islam Dzugum, marathon runner, does not reach the Mediterranean Games in Montpelier but is held up at Jablanica. Nevertheless, his views on training: “My task is to train, and the day will come when I will show how much it paid off.”


• The Children’s Embassy and the air transport company “Air-Commerce” seek out an air corridor for the return of refugee children in Sarajevo, as well as a means of delivering food into the city.
• For the organization “Nasa djeca”, the children of Sarajevo draw pictures for the children of New York, while those of New York do the same for those of Sarajevo.
• The writer Valerijan Zujo works on compiling his lexicon “Sarajevo”.


• Sadako Ogata, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, announces a complete cessation of humanitarian aid until a political agreement is reached to end the war.
• Geneva, September 15, 1993. In Geneva, Alija Izetbegovic and Franjo Tudjman sign a Declaration on terminating hostilities and ending military conflict between the Army of BiH and the HVO.
The resolution
1. Insures an immediate end to all hostilities and military conflict between the ARBiH and the HVO, in accordance with the agreement of July 30, 1993, effective immediately, no later than September 18, 1993;
2. Ensures the mutual unconditional closure of all camps and the release of prisoners in territory under the control of the ARBiH and the HVO, effective immediately, no later than September 21;
3. Ensures both sides create conditions for the free and unimpeded passage of humanitarian convoys and the activities of charity organizations;
4. Establishes working meetings for the supervision and protection of human rights in the territory under the control of the ARBiH and the HVO in accordance with the directives and recommended resolution of the peace conference on BiH;
5. Establishes a working group on the issue of territorial demarcation between the two republics for the planned union of Bosnia and Herzegovina, including the issue of sea access as a common development interest;
6. Establishes a working group for the development and implementation monitoring of the restoration and strengthening of trust and co-existence among the Croat and Muslim peoples, including media and other programs to overcome existing hostility.
Signatories of the Declaration on behalf of the BiH delegation: Alija Izetbegovic, Haris Silajdzic, Ejup Ganic, Muhamed Filipovic, Ivo Komsic; on behalf of the Republic of Croatia: Franjo Tudjman, Hrvoje Sarinic, Zeljko Matic, Miomir Zuzul, Hidajet Biscevic.


• 50 years of the newspaper “Oslobodenje” celebrated. As a sign of support, guests from across the world attend the celebration in Sarajevo.


• Ana Mrdovic, agronomist, gives advice to Sarajevans on maintaining a garden during the fall.


• In Sarajevo a cigarette is worth more than gold. An older “golf” is worth three cartons of cigarettes.


• In a meeting at Sarajevo airport a ceasefire is proclaimed between the HVO and ARBiH.


• Celebration of the Jewish new year.
• Formation of an international firefighters brigade.


• On a U.S. aircraft carrier, the “Invisible”, in the Adriatic Sea, a meeting is held between Alija Izetbegovic, Mate Boban and Radovan Karadzic with Lord Owen. Izetbegovic seeks access to the sea at Neum. The Croats are against it.


• The BH “Pen center" is accepted into the world “Pen center".


• The Presidency of the City Assembly decides: “Thieves of transformer oil will be shot without warning.”


• Lord Owen: “The Bosnian Presidency holds the keys to the peace plan.”


• The Children’s Embassy plans the opening of “Child Land”.


• Tow trucks appear on the streets of Sarajevo, towing away “improperly parked automobiles” to the delight of Sarajevans observing this spectacle. .


• The Office for transport publishes a list for the departures of convoys. Those eligible for work detail are removed from the list.


• NATO is ready to send peacekeeping troops.
• CSB discovers miniature marijuana plantations in apartments in the city.
• The Government issues a decision introducing daylight saving time.


• “Bosnalijek” produces 20 new medicines in small batches.
• “Velepekara” lacks oil even for transport, let alone to operate generators
• Geneva, November 29, 1993. In Geneva peace negotiations being. Participants: Alija Izetbegovic, Franjo Tudjman, Slobodan Milosevic, Mate Boban and Radovan Karadzic.

Enes Zlatar Bure
He was born in Sarajevo on April 24, 1970. His studies were interrupted at the beginning of the war. Since the age of fourteen, he has been into rock’n’roll. He was a member of numerous rock bands. He works on computers and is skiing under snipers fire. He has the Cambridge First Certificate.

THE SIEGE
He was one of the founders of the news agency “Sa-Press”, became a member of firemen brigade and got into amateur video-art in the group “Save the Amazon” His films were shown at the “Metro,” the festival of alternative films in Sarajevo, where they won the first and third prizes. These films were shown in England and Sweden. With the rock group “Sikter” he appeared at almost all rock concerts in Sarajevo. Their songs were played on “MTV.”

It there were life after life, in what shape would you return?
I would return as myself, and do things that I didn’t do this time.

How do you describe perfect happiness?
Every human being can find perfect happiness while be is alive, thus life is happiness.

What is you biggest loss?
Loss of love.

What is your biggest gain?
Love.

When and where were you happiest?
On my terrace in Lozica near Dubrovnik, in the shadow of a vine, with a beer in my hand, every summer until ’92.

What are your lost illusions?
That I will continue my previous life where it ended in April ’92.

Describe your day at work.
The day that I spent with firemen is not my day at work. My days at work are those days when I do something creative, and this happens all the time, and in every place, so there is no need to explain my working day.

Sarajevo?
A pain in the brain.

What words don’t you use anymore?
Travelling, optimism.

In your opinion, is morale a virtue?
If we speak of morale prescribed to us by society, I don’t think it is a virtue. It is just one of the useless rules imposed upon us by those who are stealing power from God.

Where would you like to live?
Anywhere where there is love for me.

How have you survived?
With this work of mine, which I think made sense.

What are you afraid of?
Darkness and loneliness.

Does the past exist for you?
Never underestimate the past it’s the devil’s test.

This is the end of a civilization. What will the next one be like?
Since this one is sinking, I think the new one will be formed somewhere deep in the quicksand into which this one is sinking.

Can you give us a recipe for mental health?
Enjoy everything, and don’t look back.

How would you like to die?
Of natural death, when I am real old.

Do you need hope to live?
Everybody needs hope. Hope is the thing that gives man a strength, even though it destroys him at he same time.

What did ’92 look like, and ’93, and ’94?
’92 was the beginning of the sinking, ’93 was its speeding-up, and ’94 its precipitation.

How would you call this period of your life?
The alternative period.

Your message from the end of the world, from a country of last things?
Your turn will come.

Do you like life, and what is life all about?
I do. Life is perfect happiness.

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