UNIFORMS BY FAX // 05. 1993.

May 1993

Amela Vilic
Fashion designer

‘I think that one of the craziest projects was making the uniforms and clothing for the Mediterranean Games. I think that around 120 people were supposed to go to the Mediterranean Games. And of those the majority was not the athletes, but all the other people who were supposed to accompany them. We made the pieces I think out of some leftover material from Alhos, which I have to admit was of excellent quality. It was probably left over from those Italian orders, and those models turned out to be quite fashionable and extravagant, even though I wasn’t able to follow world fashion trends, because it was impossible to get any information from the outside, not even TV or newspapers. But I just made some jackets that had three buttons down the front and a short collar. Two years later that came into style. By then we were already receiving at least a little information. That was pretty interesting, considering that the most interesting part of the work was actually done in Italy. I faxed about 70 sketches to an Italian company, which was supposed to manufacture the sports clothing. As far as the clothing was concerned, I never saw the end result.’


MAY 1993

• The first international wedding is announced in Sarajevo. The wedding cake is made from potatoes. The groom, Stephen Peterson, a UN employee, says: “I have a wife, Zorica, we’re renting a house in Sarajevo, we have a garden, our own plums, we even have a dog.”
• Athens, May 1, 1993. A two-day conference on BiH begins in Athens. The co-chairs of the peace conference are Cyrus Vance and Lord David Owen. Present at the meeting are: Alija Izetbegovic, Franjo Tudjman, Slobodan Milosevic, Momir Bulatovic, Mate Boban and Radovan Karadzic. Haris Silajdzic, the Foreign Minister of BiH, announces: “The Serbs are buying time by coming to Athens.” Before Athens, General Morillon shows Alija Izetbegovic corrections to the map agreed upon in Geneva. Izetbegovic refuses to discuss the corrections. In Athens, Radovan Karadzic signs an agreement on the condition that the Bosnian Serb Assembly approves it. Alija Izetbegovic: “This signature is a great victory for our country.”

• Officially Washington will not rule out military intervention if the Serbs continue as before.
• MUP Sarajevo issues the proclamation: “If you come across unexploded shells call 985.”

• The textile firm “Alhos” clads BiH athletes at the Mediterranean Games in Montpelier.

• The Bosnian Serb Army launches an offensive against Yepa Alija Izetbegovic requests that Zepa immediately be placed under UN protection. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees recommends that a UNHCR convoy be sent in without the armed protection of UNPROFOR, as this would not provoke the Bosnian Serbs, while if the Bosnian Serbs did stop the convoy they could negotiate for peace.
• The City Assembly appeals to the world for food assistance.
• Drugs enter the city from Posusje, Zenica and Split.
• The Swimming Association of BiH holds a promotion with the aim of raising awareness among citizens on the importance of swimming with the construction of a Sarajevo swimming pool.

• U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher embarks on a trip to Europe.
• The Bosnian Serb Assembly sets nine conditions for the UN. The deadline now is three weeks.
• The first wartime kindergarten is opened in Alipasino polje.

• The Bosnian Serb assembly rejects the peace plan. The Serbian government announces the suspension of all humanitarian aid to the Bosnian Serbs after their reckless voting.
• The “Hare-Krisna” festival begins, a wartime peace festival, with traditional music, Swedish drama and lectures.

• A meeting is held between General Morillon and Alija Izetbegovic. General Morillon: “If we or any other UN Safe Zone is attacked, we have the right and the duty to return fire.”
• The Bosnian Serbs hold a referendum. Russia supports this decision. Madeleine Albright, U.S. Ambassador to the UN, isn’t ready to support the decision, believing it a trick by the Serbs to buy time to win further territory. U.S. President Bill Clinton announces: “Ethnic cleansing is savage cynicism, an outrage to the world’s conscience and our standards of conduct.”

• Former Yugoslav Premier, communist hardliner and president of the Olympic Committee of BiH, Branko Mikulic, sends a letter to the President of the International Olympic Committee, Juan Antonio Samaranch: “Our thinking about the future is an act of defiance in itself. We will not be crushed!”
• The director of Kamerni teatar 55, Gradimir Gojer, makes an appeal to dramatic artists across the world to halt performances and bring attention to the birth of fascism in the Balkans.
• Haris Silajdzic formally requests the withdrawal of UNPROFOR personnel from BiH out of concern for the safety of UN soldiers and their impediment to the defense of sovereign countries.
• NATO holds exercises on the issue: “Responding to regional conflicts.”
• Mostar bathed in blood and flames. Fighting breaks out between the HVO and the Army of BiH. A ceasefire is reached over telephone by Alija Izetbegovic and Mate Boban. The conflict between Croats and Muslims receives greater attention from American media, and further complicates decisions on military intervention and lifting the arms embargo on BiH.
• Serbia punishes the Bosnian Serbs for their refusal to sign the peace agreement by closing the border with Bosnia for 120 km. Biljana Plavsic, one of the Bosnian Serb leaders, is sent back at the border.

• European leaders decided to wait on military intervention until the results of the Bosnian Serb referendum. Lord Owen: “Americans view Europeans as weaklings, and Europeans view Americans as cowboys.”

• A meeting of the BH government is held. They decide “Croat troops must withdraw from BiH, otherwise BiH will seek protection from aggression.”
• Bosnian Serb offensive against Brcko.
• Croat troops destroy the bridge in Bijela (Herzegovina), preventing the arrival of convoys to Sarajevo and Central Bosnia.

• Chetnik Vojvoda Vojislav Seselj announces: “In retaliation for any Italian participation in an allied campaign, we will bombard civilian targets in Italy.” France develops a plan for UN “Safe Zones.”
• General Ratko Mladic, Commander of the Bosnian Serb Army, on the possibility of military intervention, announces: “In the case of intervention, Washington will suffer bomb attacks in its large cities. Serb immigrants will carry those attacks out. No foreign soldier that comes to Bosnia will come out alive.”

• Smuggling at the airport runway thrives: one crossing with 10kg of food can earn 1,000DM.

• At the Sarajevo airport HVO and Bosnian Serb representatives meet, without the knowledge of the Army of BiH, an example of their open collaboration.
• Josip Magdic, a Sarajevan composer, promotes “Wartime notes 92”, through the Croat Cultural Society “Napredak”.
• Kamerni teatar 55 holds a performance of “A Prayer for Peace”. They perform the composition “Ave Maria”.
• The “Miss City Under Siege” is selected, Inela Nogic.
• News from “Bosnalijek”: pharmacist Saša Pilipovic produces a drug that had run out - Dexamethasone. Infusion solutions are manufactured.

• Only 105 dogs in the city are vaccinated against rabies.
• Theatre blossoms in the city.
• Pest exterminations are carried out in the city.

• Military patrols of the Army of the Republic of BiH (ARBiH) hold control over the streets. Whoever lacks the necessary paperwork is summoned immediately to the army and placed in a unit.

Amela Vilic
She was born on the verge of Leo and Virgo in 1958 in Sarajevo, where she graduated the Academy of Fine Arts. She has been working as a theatrical, film and TV costume designer for the past 15 years. She designed costumes for some 30 theater plays, 10 TV serials and numerous TV shows, performances, happenings, fashion shows...

She worked as the costume designer for 15 theater plays and numerous TV shows. She created the sports uniforms of the Bosnian athletes at the Mediterranean Games, as well as uniforms for various institutions and organizations, a collection of children’s clothing...

It there were life after life, in what shape would you return?
I think like air.

How do you describe perfect happiness?
To do only what I love and want.

What is you biggest loss?
The death of my dad, and my dog Gustav.

What is your biggest gain?
A lot of small things that make me happy every day.

When and where were you happiest?

What are your lost illusions?
I thought that people have understood how wars were senseless and that they will simply never happen again. However, it happened to me, to us...

Describe your day at work.
Getting up at seven, and then work, work, work...

Sarajevo...my happiness, my love, my life, my sorrow, long sleepless nights...

What words don’t you use anymore?

In your opinion, is morale a virtue?
It seems that I have my own morale to which I stick, and I think this is my virtue, but I am not sure how much this resembles the so-called public morale.

Where would you like to live?
I would like to live somewhere near the sea in a small peaceful place, near a big city, in a house that I would design myself.

How have you survived?
Work and only work.

What are you afraid of?

Does the past exist for you?

This is the end of a civilization. What will the next one be like?
Without any logic.

Can you give us a recipe for mental health?
Laughter and fucking around.

How would you like to die?
If I can chose, then may it be a quick death.

Do you need hope to live?
Yes, I am always hoping for something.

What did ’92 look like, and ’93, and ’94?
Terrible, sad, unbelievable.

How would you call this period of your life?
An investigating period.

Your message from the end of the world, from a country of last things?
Hold your hands tight so the wind doesn’t blow you away.

Do you like life, and what is life all about?
Of course I love it, all of these rises and falls, the new beginnings and happy endings.