HOW TO GET PASSED THE DOBRINJA// 11. 1992. • SELVER PORCA// JOURNALIST
ORAL HISTORY - INTERVIEW
ORAL HISTORY - TRANSCRIPT
HOW TO GET PASSED THE DOBRINJA
‘It was very hard to pass through the Dobrinja barricade and usually we would do it by night, because of visibility. Everything possible that could be done was provided in order to help people to move in safety and only those who had to go through used this. In addition to protection with heavy trucks, buses, containers and similar things, there was a wall of bags on one side and concrete blocks on the other side. It was one meter wide and it was built at a certain angle that protected from shells. People would usually run. Run like hell. As fast as they could run. There were many smashed cars on that road, and many drivers lost their lives there, there was a lot of blood, vehicles crashed one over the other and dead bodies lying around.
Every day something was added to close even the smallest hole through which a sniper could shoot and kill someone. That barricade was a place where, in some way, life won and where inspite of the chetniks presence, life flew from Dobrinja to Vojnicko polje, to Alipasino polje. That gave some normality to life and children from high school were able to go to school. Regardless of the risk and danger from chetniks, that barricade of death became a shelter of good providing some safety even if it meant running through at night in order to pass.’
• In order for Sarajevans to join organized convoys that after a long delay have begun to leave the city, one needs to receive consent from the Sarajevo police, UN approval and consent from the Bosnian Serbs.
• Stjepan Kljujic, the BiH Presidency’s Croat member is forced to resign at the request of the HDZ, in favor of Miro Lasic, their new candidate.
• Sefer Halilovic, commander of the BiH Armed Forces, prohibits the departure of the convoy, but Pero Butigan, director of the Red Cross, insists that they are required to transport citizens. In the end, both convoys, one headed for Split and the other for Belgrade, manage to leave.
• Director Paul Masic makes the animated film "Coffee".
• "Sipad holding,” a factory for processing wood and producing furniture, possesses stores of wood that could be used for heating, but the question remains how it can be brought into Sarajevo. Wood shipments are stalled in Fojnica, Tarcin, Konjic ... all cities surrounding Sarajevo.
• Geneva, November 7th, 1992. In Geneva, during a conference on Bosnia, Radovan Karadzic, says that due to pressure from the international community for now he will abandon the request for a separate state, but he still holds requirements for great autonomy and the division of BiH into five areas. Haris Silajdzic demands the opening of a road corridor from Ploce - Mostar - Sarajevo
• A convoy of Sarajevo Slovenes, organized by the Association of Slovenes and the Slovenian government, leaves Sarajevo for Slovenia.
• UNPROFOR and the utility company 'Rad' undertake cleaning and the removal of a huge number of damaged vehicles from the street.
• The wounded wait to leave the city.
• A Hollywood team visits the editorial office of "Oslobodjenje," which operates in the basements of their completely destroyed headquarters situated on the front line of the city
• UNPROFOR receives a decision of the UN from Geneva stating that the official political and economic delegations from Sarajevo can use transport aircraft used to deliver humanitarian aid.
• The UNHCR advises Sarajevans to eat packed lunches from humanitarian aid every 6-7 days.
• The Post Office reconnects 30,000 phone lines just for priority cases, and only for local communication, as the connections to outside countries have been cut.
• The District Military Prosecutor's Office conducts an investigation of former UNPROFOR commander Louis Mackenzie
• In the city, banks are being established.
Apart from the trenches which were used for fighting there were many trenches within the city which served primarily the civilian population. By using those labyrinths between buildings the citizens were protected against sniper fire when going to fetch water, when going to work or to meet each.