JUKA ESTABLISHES A BORDER IN STUP // 07. 1992.
ADNAN SOLAKOVIC // SOLDIER
ORAL HISTORY - INTERVIEW
ORAL HISTORY - TRANSCRIPT

July 1992

Adnan Solakovic
Soldier
JUKA ESTABLISHES A BORDER IN STUP

‘Stup was very uncertain terrain. We all know that. There were all sorts from black marketers, criminals, those from the Croatian side led by Maric and Tomic and, I’m not sure and Danko, Dinko I don’t want to make a mistake, this was big time crime. There were a lot of storehouses there, state owned and private with all kinds of goods including very expensive. The Croats took advantage of it and got it across Kiseljak, in fact across Ilidza, working together with the chetniks. There was a staff from Zora and so on. We had two or three meetings with Maric where we warned him. He was in fact getting in the way of our operations. When Ilidza was taken I was ordered to go, and Maric obstructed me, said I couldn’t just go across his territory just like that. He said his commander wasn’t Alija Izetbegovic, that he only took orders from Boban, I can safely say that, it was recorded. That he only took orders from Boban from Grude. And so on, directives. This already indicated that the Croats from Stup, look now, not all Croats, there were good Croats who fought, but a self-seeking extremist group who were only interested in crime and who made use of the situation. 31 July ’92 relations were definitely broken off, I don’t mean in the form of living together, you understand, but simply either you’ll be with us or against us. As in fact it is. It couldn’t go on like that any more. Fierce attacks began, we couldn’t take negotiations into account any more and every day was vital. A very short time after that Maric left Stup.’

TOPIC RELATED PHOTOGRAPHS
TOPIC RELATED TEXT

JULY 1992


• In order to protect against sniper fire, Sarajevan drivers drive through the city’s streets at great speed.


• Yeast arrives to “Velepekara” for the production of bread.


• Herzeg-Bosnia is proclaimed within the territory of BiH.


• The resale of humanitarian aid begins in different places in the city at high prices.
• A number of countries offer to participate in the air bridge for the delivery of humanitarian aid to the besieged city.


• At a meeting of the Presidency of BiH the decision is made to replace the Public Prosecutor because of his attempts to ban the nationalist parties SDA and HDZ over six common infractions .


• Munich, July 7, 1992. Summit in Munich: The seven most-developed countries in the world adopt a special resolution on the Yugoslav crisis that places pressure on Belgrade. The seven countries supporting the EC conference on the former Yugoslavia call on all sides to continue negotiations, while at the same time demanding that all sides not impede humanitarian efforts. The resolution also states that “in the event that peace negotiations fail, the Security Council will consider other measures, among which the use of military force will not be excluded. It is also emphasized that Serbia and Croatia must respect the territorial integrity of BiH.


• The new member of the Presidency of BiH from the Serb people, Nenad Kecmanovic, flees Sarajevo.


• Student Josip Capelj gives 200,000 dinars of his savings to the Armed Forces of BiH: “I want them to liberate me.”


• Juka Prazina, city guerilla leader joins the Armed Forces of BiH with his own unit.


• Cellist Vedran Smajlovic plays on the street in the center of the city.


• The Representative of the Jewish Community in Sarajevo, Ivica Ceresnjes, says that the Jewish cemetery and chapel can be destroyed in the interest of defending the city. The Jewish cemetery is among the most dangerous strongholds of Serb snipers firing upon the citiziens of Sarajevo. Serb terrorists aim at buses, trams and passersby.


• In the neighborhood of Dobrinja, which is being attacked on two sides, a teacher, “Aunt Faiza,” soothes children with games, classes, costume parties and dances.
• Collectors try to collect TV subscription fees.
• Cellist Vedran Smajlovic sends an invitation to musicians across the world to protest against the agression against Sarajevo and BiH by playing Albioni on July 17 at 12pm.
• London, July 16, 1992. A peace conference begins in London. Lord Peter Carrington presides over the peace conference. Participants at the conference include: Haris Silajdzic, Radovan Karadzic and Mate Boban.
• Developer Mirko Mer makes a protective mask against poison gases.
• Cellist Vedran Smajlovic plays for Douglas Hurd, Foreign Minister of the United Kingdom on Vase Miskina street.


• London, July 18, 1992. A ceasefire agreement is signed in London. All sides sign a ceasefire agreement placing heavy artillery under the control of the international community. They also sign a document guaranteeing the right of refugees to return to their homes and securing the free movement to all civilians.
• The new President of the Yugoslav Government, Milan Panic, arrives in Sarajevo.
• Pharmacies in Sarajevo receive humanitarian aid in the form of enormous quantities of medicines with expired dates, as well as inadequate or irrelevant medicines, such as anti-malarial agents.
• Louis Mackenzie, UNPROFOR Commander, resigns under pressure from the media for misconduct and bias.
• A convoy of mothers and children, through the organization Children’s Embassy, leaves for Italy.
• Pension payments depend on electricity.
• 27 Olympians leave Sarajevo for Barcelona.
• Armed Forces of BiH attack the chocolate factory “Zora” with the aim of disarming guerilla units of the HVO.


• The city no longer has water. Serb terrorists hold control over all reservoirs.


• At Stup human trafficking and black marketing arises through cooperation between HVO units and Bosnian Serb forces.


• Bernard Kouchner becomes the patron of a former JNA hospital, bestowing it with the name the “French Hospital.”
• Painters exhibit their paintings in the stairwells of apartment blocks.
• Haris Silajdzic, Foreign Minister of BiH, refuses the Cutilliero plan, which in March the BiH delegation had given its approval in principle.
• Athlete Mirsada Buric trains for the World Cup in the streets of Sarajevo amid sniper fire.
• Juka Prazina, with his own unit, creates a border at Stup and halts trafficking on the way between Stup and the city.

Going out of town

Officially, there is no such thing as ‘going out of town’ Since April of 1992, the City has been forced to turn into itself and to greet those who come fulfilling their diplomatic, journalistic and humanitarian tasks.

THE BORDERS

Apart from the trenches which were used for fighting there were many trenches within the city which served primarily the civilian population. By using those labyrinths between buildings the citizens were protected against sniper fire when going to fetch water, when going to work or to meet each.

TOPIC RELATED VIDEO
POLLS
POLL
MAP SIEGE OF SARAJEVO