The Siege of Sarajevo 92-96

Year of Birth: 1953
Profession: Secretary
Gender: Female
City District: Crni Vrh and Gorica


What was your experience with the street barricades erected by the SDS (Serbian Democratic Party) members in March of 1992?

What was your experience with the street barricades erected by the SDS (Serbian Democratic Party) members in April of 1992?

From your experience, what was the role of JNA (Yugoslav People's Army) in Sarajevo - March, April and May of 1992?
I had no personal experience.

Had you been expelled, shelled at or had to leave your place of residence (apartment) during the Siege?

From your experience – Crime and local gang activities in the city during the Siege:
I had no personal experience.

In the defense of the city – Who was your hero?
All people who remained here to defend the city were heroes in one way or another.

How did you obtain work obligation, passport and/or accreditation?
I belonged to my party even before the aggression.

The role of the media during the Siege? The role of rumors during the Siege?
I listened to RFI, Free Europe, RTV of B&H. I believed RTV of B&H, who else could I believe?

What did you do in your spare time?
I devoted all of my free time to my family.

What kind of work did you do during the Siege?
I worked as a secretary in my party.

How did you move around the city?
I walked to work daily, and occasionally I'd go for a walk, if it was a 'quiet' day.

Survival – How did you obtain water, electricity, cigarettes, etc…?
It was tough for water. We had to walk for several kilometers, all the way to the Brewery and back, my husband used to bring firewood from the front-line or we would get firewood by swapping it for cigarettes, we made a fire from everything that would burn, and there was no electricity.

Did you ever leave the city during the Siege?

Did you have your own invention for Survival?

Did you (or someone close to you) leave the city with the convoy?
I went to see my daughter-in-law and my grandchild off, in October of '94; it was a very painful parting. They left in the Red Cross convoy. After the bus left, many people wondered whether it would reach its destination safely. You can imagine how horror-struck I was, while listening to and realizing the meaning of these words. Fortunately, they arrived safely.

From your experience - Snipers in the city:
There were none in our precinct.

Describe your cellar/basement:
I did not spend much time in the cellar. We went down there only during the shelling. I would stay there until it was over.

Did you attend any of the cultural events in the city or organize your own events in the hallways of the buildings?
I did not attend any cultural events.

How did you send out messages, make telephone calls and/or receive packages?
I sent messages via the Red Cross, and received packages through ADRA.

What would be the most important event in your neighborhood during the Siege?
The most important event in our district was when we got natural gas in '93.

What was your experience with the UNPROFOR (UN Protection Force) and the UNHCR (UN High Commission for Refugees)?

How did you study? How did you go to school/university? How did you entertain your children?

Were you ever wounded or close to death?
No, I was never close to death.

Did you (or someone close to you) have to pay ransom to live?

What would be your personal achievement during the Siege?
I had no particular achievements.

Did you have an animal/pet during the Siege? If so, how did you feed it?

Can you describe you family’s “Siege Economic Chain”?
My husband, my son and I lived somehow, from one day to the next, I do not even remember what we ate at that time.

How many kilograms did you lose during the Siege?
I was healthy. I did not suffer from the lack of food.

Did you ever give interviews to foreign journalists?

Did you have special clothes for running from the snipers?
I did not have any special clothes.

Did you ever pass through the “Secret Underground Tunnel”?